Since hybrid cars are different from conventional gas engined vehicles, most people are hesitant purchasing a hybrid car. Well, you probably know that hybrid cars have an internal combustion (gasoline) engine as well as a battery powered electrical motor. The latter one causes some uncertainties that might defer the purchase.
A hybrid car battery is like any other battery. The only difference is that these batteries have higher capacity and the can store enough power to move a vehicle down the road for a couple miles. The energy storage system is the most significant part of a hybrid car.
As mentioned above, hybrid car batteries work together with the car’s gasoline engine as well as the electrical motor. In order to achieve the highest possible mileage, the usage of the battery is extensive. Therefore, it is necessary to charge the battery whenever it’s not in use. For instance, all current hybrid electric cars use the regenerative brake technology which recharges the battery whenever the driver steps on the brake.
Hybrid car batteries are designed to last approximately 150,000 or eight to ten years. Therefore, it is really important to create a well-functioning battery pack. As the hybrid electric vehicle battery technology progresses, more and more types of hybrid car batteries emerge. Fortunately, hybrid vehicles don’t use Nickel-Cadmium batteries, which can be problematic and hazardous to the environment. The problem with these batteries is that they do not deliver sufficient power, thus making them incompatible for hybrid electric cars.
As of now, most hybrid cars utilize a Nickel Metal-Hydride battery pack. These batteries are able to store more energy than Nickel-Cadmium batteries making them appropriate for hybrid vehicles.
Being fully recyclable, these batteries are environmentally friendly. However, the production of these batteries is very expensive and this is the main reason that keeps the cost of a hybrid car at a premium.
There are other types of batteries employed and tested in hybrid vehicles. Many engineers believe that future hybrid cars will utilize a Lithium battery. Currently, these batteries are used in small hand-held gadgets, such as an MP3 player or laptop. These batteries are cheaper to produce and they are also able to store sufficient power to move a hybrid car for hundreds of miles without getting charged. The concern is that Lithium batteries contain an element, Cobalt, which can explode.
Lithium Polymer batteries also have a potential to power hybrid electric cars. The key characteristics of the lithium polymer are safety and good cycle and calendar life. The only concern with this type of battery is the price.
Lets review what we have learned from this article: